Egypt

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Key medical figures:
• 18,750 outpatient consultations
• 3,300 individual and group mental health consultations

Migrants and people living in remote areas of Egypt have difficulty accessing medical services.

At Abu Elian clinic, on the outskirts of Cairo, Médecins Sans Frontières (MSF) offers healthcare to mothers and children under  five. In 2013, an average of 1,700 consultations were carried out each month; 70 per cent of patients were young children suffering  from respiratory tract infections, intestinal parasites, skin diseases and diarrhoea. MSF also provides transport and covers hospital  costs for pregnant women in the clinic’s 24-hour emergency referral system.

Assistance for vulnerable groups
Many migrants and refugees living in Egypt are victims of violence. In 2013, MSF continued to offer mental healthcare (742 new patients, 2,530  follow-up sessions) and treatment to victims of sexual violence (305 new cases, 960 follow-up sessions) at the Nasr City mental health clinic in Cairo.

Expanding treatment for hepatitis C
There is a very high prevalence of hepatitis C in Egypt; it is estimated that around 12 per cent of the general population are infected. For the last two years, MSF has been in discussions with the  National Committee for Viral Hepatitis about a hepatitis C project aiming to improve patient adherence to treatment by decentralising their medical care. In rural areas in particular, overcoming cost and distance could markedly improve patients’ cure rates. Approval was received in early 2014 to launch the first phase of the project in Fayoum governorate, south of Cairo.

Winter relief and medical training
During the especially harsh 2013–2014 winter, MSF teams in Cairo and Alexandria supported  vulnerable families who had been identified by local health partners, providing medical and psychiatric consultations and  distributing washing kits and blankets.

MSF also trained a number of volunteer Egyptian doctors in Cairo, including some Egyptian Ministry of Health personnel, so that they could respond quickly and effectively to medical needs on the spot during  demonstrations. Training included how to deal with large numbers of wounded.

No. staff end 2013: 85 | Year MSF first worked in the country: 2010

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