Relieving Malnutrition in Sukkur, Sindh Province

September 6, 2010

Relieving Malnutrition in Sukkur, Sindh Province

“My daughter does not stop vomiting; she also has diarrhea, and a very high fever. I took her to the hospital but she didn’t get better, so the doctor told me to bring her here,” said Nabila, holding on to her frail one year Suha.

Like hundreds of other flood affected people, Nabila was forced to leave everything behind in Lori village, and she is now living with her family in a relief camp in Sukkur.

Her severely malnourished daughter Suha is currently being treated at MSF’s recently established Intensive Therapeutic Feeding Centre (ITFC) in the paediatric ward of Railway Hospital in Sukkur, a town in the North of Sindh province.

The floods still ravaging Pakistan have left people without access to life’s basic necessities like food, water, shelter and basic healthcare. Hundreds of thousands of displaced have recently fled to Sukkur and children like one year old Soha, are among the most vulnerable.

To provide essential nutritional support, Médecins Sans Frontières (MSF) medical teams have set up an Intensive Therapeutic Feeding centre (ITFC) to treat severely malnourished children. Most of the patients are referred through MSF’s mobile clinics in various locations around Sukkur, where a rapid screening test called the Middle Upper Arm Circumference or ‘MUAC’ helps determine the nutritional status of children under the age of five.

“Displacement has only exacerbated existing health problems, and children become malnourished or even severely malnourished due to the lack of food, clean water, and a place to stay,” explained MSF Nurse Abdul Wasay, as he proceeded with the morning round, checking on every patient.

The ITFC is run by four doctors; eight nurses and four health educators, and it is open around the clock. The therapeutic feeding programme includes the provision of high calorie nutritious food like fortified milk, ready-to-use food supplements rich in micronutrients and protein and biscuits.

“It is important that the ITFC stays open all day and night”, emphasized nurseAbdul Wassay: “Each child has to be fed every two hours, and we need to be able to monitor their appetite, digestion, and weaning diet closely,” he continued.

In an isolated room, eight year old Kubra’s head rests in her mother’s lap, “We need water, food, and accommodation,” said her mother Noor. “We need everything.” Kubra is isolated from the other patients, because in addition to being malnourished, she also has tuberculosis which is highly contagious.

“The reality is that most of the patients we are treating today were admitted with another associated disease such as acute watery diarrhea, skin infection, pneumonia or tuberculosis. It is important that they are correctly diagnosed and treated. Our health workers help the mothers understand the treatment process, and raise awareness about nutrition, hygiene and disease prevention measures”, explained nurse Abdul Wasay.

Since it opened on the 28th August, the ITFC has already treated around 100 severely malnourished children.

The floods have left people with little to be optimistic about, but still Nabila is hopeful that her daughter’s condition will improve: “I can’t tell when my daughter will be discharged but I can tell that she is getting better. I am very happy that her diarrhea has stopped; she is more active and is starting to eat little by little, and I hope she will gain weight soon.”

Since 1988, MSF has been providing medical assistance to Pakistani nationals and Afghan refugees suffering from the effects of armed conflicts, poor access to health care and natural disasters in KPK, FATA, Balochistan, Sindh, Punjab, and Kashmir.

Since the start of the floods in Pakistan MSF has distributed 24,834 non-food item kits and 6,801 tents; performed 27,151 medical consultations; set up 7 Diarrhea Treatment Centres; continuously conducts 12 mobile clinics; distributes 718,000 liters of clean, safe water per day; built 258 latrines and installed 11 Oral Rehydration Salt points.

152 international staff are working alongside 1,279 Pakistani staff in MSF’s existing and flood response programs in Pakistan

MSF does not accept funding from any government for its work in Pakistan and chooses to rely solely on private donations.

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